Lathe (Kent)

Lathe (Altenglisch lǽð, Lateinisch lestus) ist die Bezeichnung für eine regionale Untereinheit der Grafschaft Kent, wie sie bereits zur Zeit Angelsachsen bestand. Erst im frühen 20. Jahrhundert kam der Begriff außer Gebrauch.

Es gibt die weitverbreitende Meinung, dass Lathen ursprünglich um die königlichen Niederlassungen im Königreich Kent gebildet wurden. In der Spätzeit der Angelsachsen scheint es hingegen eine reine Verwaltungsbezeichnung zu sein, mit der mehrere Hundertschaften zusammengefasst wurden.

Im späten 11. Jahrhundert bestand West-Kent aus drei Lathen:

  • Lathe of Aylesford
  • Lathe of Milton
  • Lathe of Sutton

Während East Kent aus vier Lathen bestand:

  • Lathe of Borough
  • Lathe of Eastry
  • Lathe of Lympne
  • Lathe of Wye[1]

Dabei galten Sutton-at-Hone und Milton oft als Halb-Lathen[2].

Im 13. Jahrhundert gab es in Kent fünf Lathen:

  • die Lathe of Borough und Lathe of Eastry waren zu Lathe of Saint Augustine zusammengefasst worden,
  • die Lathe of Lympne hieß nun Lathe of Shepway
  • die Lathes of Sutton, Milton and Wye bildeten nun die Lathe of Scraye und die Lathe of Sutton-at-Hone
  • die Lathe of Aylesford blieb unverändert [3]

Siehe auch: Rape (Sussex)

Einzelnachweise

  1. nach dem Domesday Book
  2. J. E. A. Jolliffe, "The Hidation of Kent", in English Historical Review, Vol. 44, No. 176 (Okt. 1929), S. 612-618 [1]
  3. Joliffe

Wikimedia Foundation.

Schlagen Sie auch in anderen Wörterbüchern nach:

  • Lathe (disambiguation) — Lathe may refer to:In woodworking and metalworking: *Lathe, used in turning wood, metals and other materials. *Lathe (metal), a lathe used specifically for metals. *Geometric lathe, used for making ornamental patterns on the plates used in… …   Wikipedia

  • Lathe — (l[aum][th]), n. [AS. l[=ae][eth]. Of uncertain origin.] Formerly, a part or division of a county among the Anglo Saxons. At present it consists of four or five hundreds, and is confined to the county of Kent. [Written also {lath}.] Brande & C.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Kent [1] — Kent, 1) die südöstlichste Grafschaft von England, am Kanal; 73, 5 QM., zwischen der Mündung der Themse u. dem Pas de Calais; hügelig, hat an den Küsten große Dünen (Downs) u. vor denselben Sandbänke (Goodwins), die den dahinter liegenden… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Lathe (county subdivision) — A lathe (Old English lǽð , Latin lestus ) formed an administrative country subdivision of the county of Kent, in England, from the Anglo Saxon period until it fell entirely out of use in the early twentieth century.There exists a widespread… …   Wikipedia

  • lathe — A machine for cutting and shaping wood or metal. In some counties in England, an intermediate division between a shire or county and a hundred, containing about three or four hundreds, as the lathes in Kent. In Sussex, these divisions were called …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • Lathe — Term for the seven districts into which Kent was divided: Aylesford, Milton, Sutton (West Kent), Borough, Eastry, Lympne, Wye (East Kent). All were centred on royal vills. [< OldEngl. lasd = landed property] Cf. Rape1 …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • History of Kent — Kent is a county in South East England with a long history of human occupation.Prehistoric KentKent has been occupied since the Lower Palaeolithic as finds from the quarries at Swanscombe attest. During the Neolithic the Medway megaliths were… …   Wikipedia

  • East Kent — For the Parliamentary constituency, see East Kent (UK Parliament constituency). East Kent and West Kent are one time traditional subdivisions of the English county of Kent, kept alive by the Association of the Men of Kent and Kentish Men: an… …   Wikipedia

  • West Kent — and East Kent are one time traditional subdivisions of the English county of Kent, kept alive by the Association of the Men of Kent and Kentish Men: an organisation formed in 1913. Residents of West Kent, those living west / north of the River… …   Wikipedia

  • East Kent Light Railway — The East Kent Light Railway was part of the Colonel Stephens group of cheaply built rural light railways in England. Holman Fred Stephens was engineer from its inception, subsequently becoming director and manager. The line ran from Shepherdswell …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.