taurine


taurine
(= 2-aminoethanesulphonic acid)
Compound derived from cysteine by oxidation of the sulphydryl group and decarboxylation. Present in the cytoplasm of some cells (particularly neutrophils) at high concentration.

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Taurine — Taurine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Taurine — Tau rine, a. [L. taurinus, fr. taurus a bull. See {Taurus}.] (Zo[ o]l.) Of or pertaining to the genus Taurus, or cattle. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Taurine — Tau rine, n. [So named because it was discovered in the bile of the ox. See {Taurus}.] (Physiol. Chem.) A chemical compound occurring in small quantity in the juices of muscle, in the lungs, and elsewhere, but especially in the bile, where it is… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • taurine — chemical substance (aminoethyl sulphonic acid), 1845, from L. taurus bull (see STEER (Cf. steer) (n.)) + chemical suffix INE (Cf. ine) (2); obtained by German professor Leopold Gmelin in 1826 and so called because it was first found in ox bile …   Etymology dictionary

  • taurine — taurine1 [tôr′īn΄, tôr′in] adj. [L taurinus < taurus, bull: see TAURUS] 1. of or like a bull 2. [T ] of TAURUS (sense 2) taurine2 [tôr′ēn΄, tôr′in] n. [< L taurus (see TAURUS …   English World dictionary

  • Taurine — Taurine …   Wikipedia

  • taurine — ● taurin, taurine adjectif (latin taurinus, de taurus, taureau) Relatif aux taureaux ou aux courses de taureaux. ⇒TAURINE, subst. fém. BIOCHIM. Substance azotée qui se produit dans le dédoublement d un acide de la bile, ayant pour fonction de se… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • taurine — taurinas statusas T sritis chemija formulė H₂NCH₂CH₂SO₃H atitikmenys: angl. taurine rus. таурин ryšiai: sinonimas – 2 aminoetansulfonrūgštis …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • taurine — I. adjective Etymology: Latin taurinus, from taurus bull; akin to Greek tauros bull, Middle Irish tarb Date: 1613 of or relating to a bull ; bovine II. noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary, from Latin taurus; from its having been… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • taurine — taurine1 /tawr uyn, in/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or resembling a bull. 2. pertaining to the zodiacal sign Taurus. [1605 15; < L taurinus. See TAUR , INE1] taurine2 /tawr een, in/, n. Chem. a neutral crystalline substance, C2H7NO3S, obtained… …   Universalium


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