Amakusa (天草) is an island belonging to Japan, 26½ miles long and 13½ in extreme width, situated about 32°20'N, 130°E, on the west of Kumamoto Prefecture (formerly the province of Higo on the island of Kyūshū), from which it is separated by the Yatsushiro Sea.

It has no high mountains, but its surface being very hilly—four of the peaks rise to a height over 1,500 feet—the natives resort to the terrace system of cultivation with remarkable success.

A number of the heads of the Christians executed in connection with the Shimabara rebellion in the first half of the 17th century were buried on this island. Amakusa produces a little coal and fine kaolin, which was largely used in former times by the potters of Hirado and Satsuma. Hidenoshin Koyama, who built Thomas Blake Glover's House in Glover Garden came from this island.

Now Amakusa District, Kumamoto is a district and Amakusa, Kumamoto is a city in Kumamoto.


*cite book|title=Japan| last = Rowthorn | first = Chris | coauthors = Justin Ellis, Ray Bartlett|year=2005|publisher=Lonely Planet|id=ISBN 1740599241

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  • Amakusa District, Kumamoto — Amakusa (天草郡; gun) is a district located in Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan.Following the March 27, 2006 Amakusa merger the district consists of the single town of Reihoku. After the merger, the district has an estimated population of 9,105 and a… …   Wikipedia

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