- The Brethren Church
The Brethren Church is one of several groups that traces its origins back to the
Schwarzenau Brethrenof Germany. In the mid 1800s, the church began to struggle over modernization. Progressives stressed evangelism, objected to distinctive dress, and objected to the supremacy of the annual conferences. In 1882, progressive leader Henry Holsinger, who was the publisher of "The Progressive Christian", was disfellowshipped from the Annual Meeting. He and others organized "The Brethren Church" in 1883 at Dayton, Ohio, with about 6000 members. "The Progressive Christian" was renamed "The Brethren Evangelist" and is still published quarterly by the church. Ashland College, which had been founded in 1878, came under the control of the Brethren Church.
The early years after the division were difficult for the new body, yet they quickly went about emphasizing and developing positions that had estranged them from the more conservative Brethren - education, theological training for ministers, the ordination of women, and home and foreign missions. Like many mainstream denominations, between 1913 and 1920 the Brethren Church suffered from the
fundamentalismversus liberalismcontroversy. This was ended in 1921, when the church adopted a conservative statement of faith and practice. Many liberals withdrew to join other denominations more favorable to their positions. The fundamentalist strength developed and played into a later division. Perhaps the most important issue was that the conservatives/fundamentalists wanted to convert Ashland College into a Bible college, while the "traditionalists" wanted it to remain an accredited liberal arts college. In 1939 the denomination divided almost evenly, with the new body becoming the Fellowship of Grace Brethren Churches.
The Brethren Church is a member of the
National Association of Evangelicals. They are still affiliated with Ashland Universityand Ashland Theological Seminary(org. 1906) in Ashland, Ohio, where they also maintain international headquarters. In 1999 there were 13,227 members in 118 congregations. The geographical center for the body is Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Indiana.
*Other Brethren groups
*cite book |first=Frank S. |last=Mead |coauthors=Samuel S. Hill and Craig D. Atwood |title=Handbook of denominations in the United States |publisher=
Abingdon Press|location= Nashville, Tennessee|year=2005 |pages= |isbn=0-687-05784-1 |oclc=59818013pn
* [http://www.brethrenchurch.org Official website]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
The Local Church — is one of several groups which arose out of the Plymouth Brethren tradition … Wikipedia
Church of the Brethren — For other uses, see The Brethren (disambiguation). Church of the Brethren The Church of the Brethren logo comprises three shapes with distinct meanings: the cross represents the crucifixion of Jesus … Wikipedia
Church of the Brethren (Hygiene, Colorado) — Church of the Brethren U.S. National Register of Historic Places … Wikipedia
Church of the Brethren in Nigeria — The Church of the Brethren in Nigeria (Hausa: Ekklesiyar Yan uwa a Nigeria, literally Church of Children of the Same Mother of Nigeria ) is a Protestant and Anabaptist Christian denomination from Nigeria with more than 100,000 members. It has… … Wikipedia
The Brethren (disambiguation) — The Brethren can refer to:*The Brethren (non fiction) a 1979 book by Bob Woodward and Scott Armstrong *The Brethren (novel) a 2000 novel by John Grisham * The Brethren a 2006 novel by Beverly Lewis * The Brethren or Brethren a 1904 novel by Henry … Wikipedia
The Methodist Church (USA) — The Methodist Church was the name adopted by the Methodist denomination formed in the United States by the reunion on May 10, 1939 of the northern and southern factions of the Methodist Episcopal Church with the Methodist Protestant Church.… … Wikipedia
Church of the Brethren — [ tʃəːtʃəv ȓə breȓrɪn; englisch »Kirche der Brüder«], aus der Gemeinschaft der Dunkers in der ersten Hälfte des 18. Jahrhunderts hervorgegangene nordamerikanische Freikirche. 1723 wurde in Germantown (Pennsylvania) die erste Kirche gegründet… … Universal-Lexikon
Church of the Brethren — Die Church of the Brethren (deutsch Kirche der Brüder) ist eine größere christliche Kirche in den USA, die auf die im 18. Jahrhundert in Deutschland entstandenen Tunker (englisch Dunkards) zurückgeht. Die Tunker verbanden täuferisch mennonitische … Deutsch Wikipedia
Church of the Brethren — the official name of the church of the Dunkers. * * * … Universalium
Church of the Brethren — noun a Baptist denomination founded in 1708 by Americans of German descent; opposed to military service and taking legal oaths; practiced trine immersion • Syn: ↑Dunkers, ↑Dippers • Hypernyms: ↑Baptist denomination • Member Meronyms: ↑Dunker, ↑ … Useful english dictionary